The central mine rescue company CSRG, Centralna Stacja Ratownictwa Gorniczego S.A., operates the second generation of mobile shaft and rescue winches.
The first mine rescue teams were set up on the basis of the German mine rescue regulations in the 19th Century after a series of tragic accidents resulting in a number of fatalities occurred in European mines. Accordingly, in 1906 the decision was reached to centralise the rescue teams in Upper Silesia, now part of Poland, so that in 1908 the central mine rescue station (CSRG) was officially opened in Bytom.
Since then the main task of this central mine rescue company (CSRG) has been to assist miners in emergency or during rescue operations. For this CSRG uses mobile shaft winches by SIEMAG TECBERG that are designed and configured to be able to both evacuate people in cases of emergency and carry out further rescue work and shaft inspections in mine shafts.
After the first placement of an order with SIEMAG TECBERG by CSRG for a mobile shaft winch in 2005 a further one was put into operation in September 2016. The engineering was done in accordance with Polish mining law and the highway regulations. Therefore it was important to adhere to the calculated load distribution on the axles of lorries in order to be able to drive on public roads in operation at any time without special permission.
Furthermore, the mobile shaft winch of the second generation is fitted with a hydraulically powered, extendable telescopic boom with a reach of up to 10 m. This mobile shaft winch can be powered either by the lorry engine, a diesel generator or an external feed from the main electrical supply system.
Communication between people in the shaft and the driver of the mobile winch carrier is guaranteed at all times by a cable integrated into the hoisting rope. The winch can be operated either from the lorry driver’s cabin or via a portable remote control desk (e.g. from the shaft collar).
The work of the central mine rescue station can be essentially subdivided into three categories:
- Interventions for the purpose of assisting miners and mines that are endangered by the effects of incidents in connection with underground fires, pit gas and coal-dust explosions or the forcible entry of water into mine workings and also re-instatement of safe and secure working conditions after such incidents
- Development of technologies and special knowledge during the construction of fire walls and the direct participation of specialists and paramedics in preventive work in mines
- Training for mine management, mine monitoring, senior staff managing rescue operations and rescue teams
For further technical data, please go to References.